Beginning of a new Revolution…
Farmers nowadays are under a lot of pressure to increase production to keep up with the increasing demand for food with high nutritional content. This pressure might push them to use excessive chemicals to improve food production and feed a growing population. The advancements in agricultural technology, such as high-yielding varieties and precision fertilizer application techniques, are increasing crop productivity and quality.
However, the growing awareness of the need to protect the environment is prompting farmers to reduce the number of chemical fertilizers and pesticides they use. For this reason, the next step for them is to gain knowledge of various agricultural methods, such as Organic farming and Carbon farming, in order to increase their production and maintain the safety of the surrounding environment.
What is Organic Farming?
Organic agriculture is defined as “a production system that is managed to respond to site-specific conditions by integrating cultural, biological, and mechanical practices that foster cycling of resources, promote ecological balance, and conserve biodiversity,” according to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Organic farming uses crop rotation, cover crops, green manures, and animal manures in order to fertilize the soil, increase biological activity, and keep the soil healthy over the long term. Weeds, insects, and diseases are managed effectively by the use of biological control, crop rotation, and other agricultural practices.
What is Carbon Farming?
Carbon farming is a system that uses natural agricultural practices and is an environmentally responsible approach to the production of food. Carbon farming is one in which plants, animals, and soil are managed in order to enhance carbon storage and minimize emissions of greenhouse gases such as methane and nitrous oxide. Carbon farming has the potential to have positive effects on the environment, society, and the economy. The environmental co-benefits from carbon include increased biodiversity and the provision of ecosystem services, as well as an improvement in water quality. The economic co-benefits are a generation of carbon credits. They recognized reductions in emissions from climate-positive practices like carbon farming have been swiftly gaining. Farmers gain revenue by facilitating the creation of carbon offsets via the storage of carbon in soil by adopting carbon farming practices.
Now that we have understood what these terms stand for, let’s try to understand their points of parity through this Infographic: